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的 De is often used when one has "one" or "thing" in English:

我要红的。 Wǒ yào hóng de.
‘I want the red one.’

给我那个小的。 Gěi wǒ nàge xiǎo de.
‘Give me that small one.’

还有没有新的? Hái yǒu méiyǒu xīn de.
‘Are there any new ones?’

她只要最好看的。 Tā zhǐ yào zuì hǎokàn de.
‘She only wants the most beautiful one.’

快看天上那个发光的!Kuài kàn tiānshàng nàge fāguāng de.
‘Quick, look at the shining thing in the sky!’

这个相机是索尼的。 Zhège xiàngjī shi Suǒní de.
‘This camera is a Sony (one).’

Sometimes the idea of “one” is quite abstract

In the example below one stands for “her opinion” perhaps.
他们都听她的。 Tāmén dōu tīng tā de.
‘They all obey her.’ Literally "They listen to her one".

偷东西是不对的。 Tōu dōngxi shi bú duì de.
‘It is not right to steal.’ Literally "Stealing things is a not right thing".

瞧我的! Qiáo wǒ de!
‘Look at me / my ability.’

谁说的? Shuí shuō de?
‘Who said that (fact)?’

尽说些有的没的。 Jìn shuō xiē yǒudeméide.
‘Everything you said is nonsense.’

这事能不能解决就看你的了。 Zhè shi néngbunéng jiějué jiù kàn nǐ de le.
‘It depends on you whether this can be solved or not.’

Sometimes it indicates an agent, 'the one who':

那边那个正在买书的男的是我哥。 Nàbiān nàge zhèng zài mǎi shū de nán de shì wǒ gē. ‘The man who is buying book there is my brother.’

你别看他这么沉默,其实他是个教书的。Nǐ bié kàn tā zhème chénmò, qíshí tā shì ge jiāoshū de. ‘You might think he is very silent, actually he is a teacher.’ (Lit. "Don't think he is so …")

警察为什么要拦下那个穿红衣服的? Jǐngchá wèishénme yào lánxià nagè chuān hóng yīfú de? ‘Why did the police stop the one in the red coat?’

坐在那边的那几个金色头发的(老外)就是我们小组成员。 Zuò zài nàbiān de nà jǐ ge jīnsè tóufā de (lǎowài) jiù shi wǒmen xiǎozǔ chéngyuán. ‘Those (foreigners) sitting there who have blond hair are members of our group.’

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