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Web resources

Specifically, the names of online resources will be given, linked to their URLs. When possible there will be a statement of who or which organization is responsible for the resource and a note about the contents of the resource. If the note is a quote from the resource, it will be in single inverted commas.

Script

Not urgent, as SOAS has a good resource online.
Any way of using pictures to make it easier to remember letters?
For example, त looks a little like a t on its side. न looks like a Nail.

Sounds

Five example words to demonstrate all vowels

(Eventually these will be recorded.)

e.g.
a sabzii, namaste
aa raajaa

i hindii, lekin
ii kursii

u buraa
uu aaluu

e ek

ai hai

o do

au aur, kaun

Examples of all of the above vowels with nasalization:
e.g.

ãgrez
nahĩĩ
mẽ
mãĩ hũũ
kyõ

Example words to demonstrate all consonants

Note that capital letters indicate retroflex consonants.
e.g.
ka kamraa
kha khaanaa, khiRkii
ga gaanaa
gha ghii, ghar

ca caar, caaval
cha choTaa
ja jaanaa
jha mujhe

Retroflexes

Ta
Tha Thiik
Da
Dha

Dentals

ta saat, maataa-pitaa
tha
da donõ
dha duudh

pa paniir
pha
ba lambaa
bha bhaaii, bhaarat

na
ma mausam

Kha (ख़) Khudaa haafiz
Ga (ग़)

sha
Sa (ष)
sa sat sri akaal
za
fa

Ra baRaa
Rha
ra

qa qalam

ha haal
ya ye kyaa
va vo
la laal, log

Double consonants

e.g.
kuttaa
acchaa

Example sentences

e.g.
yah kyaa hai?

Five examples each:

Masculine nouns in -aa
yah khaanaa hai.

Masculine nouns not in -aa
yah ghosht hai.
yah aaluu hai.

Masculine plural nouns in -e
vo laRke hãĩ.

Masculine plural nouns not in -e
vo dukaandaar hãĩ.

Feminine nouns in -ii
yah sabzii hai.

Feminine nouns not in -ii
yah mez hai.

Feminine plural nouns in -iyãã
ye laRkiyãã hãĩ.

Feminine plural nouns not in -iyãã
ye mezẽ hãĩ.

Similar examples with nahĩĩ

Similar examples with adjectives

choTaa, baRaa, lambaa, safed, laal etc.

Postpositions (and oblique forms)

kamre mẽ mez hai.

Conversations

A simple conversation in a restaurant.
Someone goes in and there are simple greetings.
He orders and there is a conversation about what is what.

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