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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinyin#Capitalization_and_word_formation
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinyin#Capitalization_and_word_formation
linkTextPinyin
hrefhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinyin#Capitalization_and_word_formation

From Wikipedia.

 


In this resource, the rules in the above document are followed closely, with the following exceptions:

  1. 一 yī is always yī in Pinyin, but in this resource you will see it changes to yì before syllables in Tones 1, 2 and 3 and to yí before Tone 2. This is usually what happens in actual pronunciation. During the creation of this wiki, two exceptions have been observed: 一楼 yī lóu 'first floor' (NOT yí lòu) and 第一次 dì-yī cì 'first time' (NOT dì-yí cì).
  2. In Pinyin 了 le is written separate at the end of a clause even if sometimes written as one word when it follows a verb or adjective. Here it is written together with all verbs and adjectives but separate after nounsshould always be written separately (work in progress!).
  3. In Pinyin there are complicated rules for how directional, result and potential complements are written. Here they are always written together as one word.
  4. In Pinyin there are complicated rules about which words have neutral tone. Here, for the sake of simplicity doubtful cases are written with a tone.
  5. In Pinyin 成语 chéngyǔ (four-character phrases) are either written with a hyphen between the second and third character, or as one word. Here, the normal Pinyin rules are applied, even to four-character phrases.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erhua
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erhua
linkTextErhua
hrefhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erhua

in Wikipedia.

 


Summary of initials and finals

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Tones (link)

Useful resources

 


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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinyin_table
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinyin_table
linkTextPinyin table
hrefhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pinyin_table


From Wikipedia. A list of all possible Chinese syllables.

 

 



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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Standard_Chinese_phonology
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Standard_Chinese_phonology
linkTextStandard Chinese phonology
hrefhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Standard_Chinese_phonology


From Wikipedia.