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'Can' may also be expressed by a potential complement

The form is:
affirmative: Verb  Verb 得 de [Potential Complement]
negative: Verb 不 bu [Potential Complement]

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There may be some exceptions to this rule, but most resultative complements and directional complements may be turned into potential complements by inserting inserting 得 de after the first character (or 不 bu for the negative form).

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