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Wa. Indicates the topic of the sentence. It is often left out if it is obvious. Note that it is written with は, not わ, for historical reasons. Grammatically, elements like wa are called "particles" and follow the nouns to which they refer.

Kore and koko. Note how Japanese often uses koko 'here' with places, where English uses 'this'. It's the same with そこ and あそこ.