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Group

A

B

C

D

Representative for:

Construction

Machinery

Cars

Cans

Assumed share in Steel Consumption

35%

25%

25%

15%

Assumed average Lifetime

70 years

20 years

15 years

5 years

Assumed standard deviation

30 years

7 years

5 years

3 years

The iron and steel production model includes seven technology options:
  1. Standard Coal Blast Furnace  (BF) + Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF)
  2. Efficient Coal BF + BOF
  3. Efficient Coal BF+ BOF + CCS
  4. Direct Reduced Iron (DRI) + Electric Arc Furnace (EAF)
  5. DRI EAF + CCS
  6. Scrap EAF
  7. COREX smelt reduction + BOF
  8. COREX smelt reduction + BOF + CCS

The cement production model includes four technologies:

  1. Standard dry feed rotary kiln
  2. Efficient dry feed rotary kiln
  3. Efficient dry feed kiln with on-site-CCS
  4. Efficient dry feed kiln with oxy-combustion CCS