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Amann M, et al. 2004. The "Current Legislation" and the "Maximum Technically Feasible Reduction" cases for the CAFE baseline emission projections. Page 39 in CAFE Working Group on Target Setting and Policy Advice, editor. IIASA, Laxenburg (link).

Berndes G, Hoogwijk M, van den Broek R (2003) The contribution of biomass in the future global energy supply: a review of 17 studies. Biomass and Bioenergy 25:1-28.

Bringezu S, Schütz H, O’Brien M, Kauppi L, Howarth RW, McNeely J (2009) Assessing biofuels:towards sustainable production and use of resources.  International Panel for Sustainable Resource Management. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), France.

Christiansson L (1995) Diffusion and learning curves of renewable energy technologies. International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Working Paper 95--126, Laxenburg (link).

Dornburg V, Faaij APC, Verweij P, Langeveld H, Van de Ven G, Wester F, van Keulen H, Van Diepen H, Meeusen M, Banse M, Ros J, Van Vuuren D, Van den Born GJ, van Oorschot M, Smout F, Van Vliet J, Aiking H, Londo M, Mozaffarian H, Smekens K, Lysen E, van Egmond S (2008) Biomass Assessment: Global biomass potentials and their links to food, water, biodiversity, energy demand and economy.  Climate Change. Scientific Assessment and Policy Analysis. Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bilthoven.

Eickhout B, Van den Born GJ, Notenboom J, Van Oorschot M, Ros J, Van Vuuren D, Westhoek H (2008) Local and global consequences of the EU renewable directive for biofuels. Testing the sustainability criteria. Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, Bilthoven, p. 36.

Ekholm T, Krey V, Pachauri S, Riahi K (2010) Determinants of household energy consumption in India. Energy Policy 38:5696-5707 (link).

FAO (2008) FAOSTAT database collections. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.

Fischer GA, Byerlee D, Edmeades GO Can technology deliver on the yield challenge to 2050? in Expert Meeting on How to feed the World in 2050., Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Economic and Social Development Department.

Forest CE, Stone PH, Sokolov AP, Allen MR, Webster MD (2002) Quantifying Uncertainties in Climate System Properties with the Use of Recent Climate Observations. Science 295:113-117 (link).


Messner S, Strubegger M (1995) User's Guide for MESSAGE III.  IIASA Working Paper WP-95-069. IIASA, Laxenburg (link).

Nonhebel S (2007 ) Energy from agricultural residues and consequences for land requirements for food production  Agricultural Systems 94:586-592.

O'Neill BC, Riahi K, Keppo I (2010) Mitigation implications of midcentury targets that preserve long-term climate policy options. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 107:1011-1016 (link).


Sathaye JA, W Makundi, L Dale, P Chan, K Andrasko (2005) GHG Mitigation Potential, Costs and Benefits in Global Forests: A Dynamic Partial Equilibrium Approach, Technical Report LBNL-58291, Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA.

Searchinger T, Heimlich R, Houghton RA, Dong F, Elobeid A, Fabiosa J, Tokgoz S, Hayes D, Hsiang T (2008) Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases Through Emissions from Land-Use Change. Science 319:1238 - 1240.

Smeets EMW, Faaij APC, Lewandowski I, Turkenburg WC (2007) A bottom–up assessment and review of global bio–energy potentials to 2050. Progress in Energy and Combustion Science 33:56-106.

Smith P, Gregory PJ, van Vuuren DP, Obersteiner M, Rounsevell M, Woods J, Havlik P, Bellarby J, Stehfest E (2010) Competition for land. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological sciences 365:2941-2957.

Stavins RN (1999) The costs of carbon sequestration: a revealed-preference approach, Am. Econ. Rev. 89 (4):994-1009.Tubiello FN, Fischer G (2007) Reducing climate change impacts on agriculture: Global and regional effects of mitigation, 2000--2080. Technological Forecasting and Social Change 74:1030-1056 (link).

Stehfest E, Bouwman L, Van Vuuren DP, Den Elzen MGJ, Eickhout B, Kabat P (2009) Climate benefits of changing diet. Climatic Change 95:83-102.

van Vuuren DP, van Vliet J, Stehfest E (2009) Future bio-energy potential under various natural constraints. Energy Policy 37:4220-4230 (link).

van Vuuren DP, Bellevrat E, Kitous A, Isaac M (2010) Bio-energy use and low stabilization scenarios. The Energy Journal 31:192-222.

van Vuuren DP, Ochola WO, Riha S, Giampietro M, Ginzo H, Henrichs T, Kok K, Makhura M, Mirza M, Palanisami KP, Ranganathan CR, Ray S, Ringler C, Rola A, Westhoek H, Zurek M (eds.) (2008) Outlook on agricultural change and its drivers.

van Vuuren DP, van Vliet J, Stehfest E (2009) Future bio-energy potential under various natural constraints. Energy Policy 37:4220-4230.

Wigley TML (2008) MAGICC/SCENGEN 5.3: User Manual (version 2). National Center for Atmospheric Research, Boulder (link).