UCL WIKI

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  • Taking the subway to the Summer Palace

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火车站 huǒchēzhàn ‘(railway) station’
开会 kāihuì ‘have a meeting’
买好 mǎihǎo ‘buy’. 好 Hǎo is a resultative complement.
后 … hòu ‘after …’
发现 fāxiàn ‘find out, discover’
时间 shíjiān ‘time’
于是 yúshì ‘thereupon, as a result, thus’
突发奇想 tūfā qíxiǎng ‘suddenly have a thought/be inspired to do something’
决定 juédìng ‘decide’
逛 guàng ‘stroll, visit’. Note that when verbs are repeated, the second time they lose their tone: 逛逛 guàngguang. This rare character is also used in 逛街 guàngjiē ‘go shopping’.
走出 zǒuchū ‘to leave, go out’
地铁 dìtiě ‘underground, subway’
刚刚 gānggāng ‘just now’
售票机 shòupiàojī ‘ticket machine’
好像 hǎoxiàng ‘apparently’
用不了 yòngbuliǎo ‘cannot use’. 了 Liǎo is a potential complement.
识别 shíbié ‘recognize’
纸币 zhǐbì ‘paper money’
然后我硬币又不够 Ránhòu wǒ yìngbì yòu bú gòu. ‘Moreover I didn’t have enough coins.’ Note the position of 又 yòu ‘moreover’. 够 gòu ‘enough'
单程还是往返? Dānchéng háishi wǎngfǎn? ‘Single or return?’
往返吧。 Wǎngfǎn ba. ‘Return, please.’
似乎 sìhū ‘apparently’
直达 zhídá ‘a direct route’
2号线 èr hàoxiàn ‘line 2’
我看不大明白地铁线路图。Wǒ kàn bú dà míngbai dìtiě xiànlùtú. ‘I think I don’t understand the subway map well.’
下 Xià is short for 一下 yíxià ‘just (do something)’
应该要怎么走? Yīnggāi yào zěnme zǒu? ‘How should I go?’
换车 huànchē ‘change train’train, transfer’
保安 bǎoān ‘security (man)’
喂,这位先生! Wèi, zhè wèi xiānsheng! ‘Excuse me, sir!’ 喂 Wèi used to attract attention. It is also used for ‘hello’ on the phone, in which case it changes tone:  wéi. 位 Wèi is used in formal situations instead of 个 ge as a measure word for people. Too many weis here!
您是在叫我吗? Nín shì zài jiào wǒ ma? ‘Are you calling me? This is an emphatic use of 是 shì, similar to that sometimes found before adjectives.
听得懂 tīngdedǒng ‘understand (by hearing)’. This is a potential complement.
您的包要放下来检查一下的啊! Nín de bāo yào fàngxiàlái jiǎnchá yíxià de a! ‘You need to put your bag down and get it checked.’ 的 De adds an assertive note.
没经过检查不能带进去的! Méi jīngguò jiǎnchá bù néng dàijìnqù de! ‘If you don’t pass the control, you can’t take it in!’
这样啊? Zhèyàng a? ‘Is that so? Really?’
前门的人 qiánmian de rén ‘the people in front’
检查规格 jiǎnchá guīgé ‘rules/standards of the control’
公务包 gōngwùbāo ‘brief case’
大小 dàxiǎo ‘size’. Chinese can form abstract nouns by putting adjectives of opposite meaning together.
一瓶水yì píng shuǐ ‘a bottle of water’. 瓶 Píng
您先放上去再说吧。 Nín xiān fàngshàngqù zài shuō ba. ‘Please put it on first and we’ll have another word about it.’
讲 jiǎng ‘speak, talk’
史密斯通过X光扫描。 Shǐmìsī tōngguò X guāng sǎomiáo. ‘Mr Smith goes through the X-ray scan.
拿回 náhuí ‘get back’
乘坐 chéngzuò ‘get on (a train)’
但是出站后他便又迷失了方向感,完全不知道该怎么走。 Dànshi chūzhàn hòu tā biàn yòu míshīle fāngxiànggǎn, wánquán bù zhīdào gāi zěnme zǒu. ‘But after he left the station, he then lost his sense of direction again and absolutely didn’t know how to get there.’
颐和园很近了啊! Yíhéyuán hěn jìnle a! ‘The Summer Palace is already very close!’
路口 lùkǒu =马路口 mǎlùkǒu ‘crossing, intersection’
宽 kuān ‘wide’
左转 zuǒzhuǎn ‘turn left’
走个五分钟 zǒu ge wǔ fēnzhōng ‘walk for five minutes’. Note the interesting use of 个 ge.
看得到 kàndedào ‘be able to see’. This is a potential complement.
月票 yuèpiào ‘monthly ticket’
年票 niánpiào ‘annual ticket’
关门 guānmén ‘(something) closes’
赶紧进去 gǎnjǐn jìnqù ‘hurry and enter’
明白了 Míngbaile. ‘I understand.’

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