UCL Logo
Page tree

Versions Compared


  • This line was added.
  • This line was removed.
  • Formatting was changed.
Desu です is, etc.
Wa は topic
Mo も also
De wa arimasen ではありません isn't, etc.
Ka か (question)
Question words 何 what, 誰 who, どこ where, etc.
No の for possession, 's, of, etc.
Ikura いくら How much
Arimasu あります there is, I have, etc.
Imasu います there is, I have, etc. (animate)
Ni に to indicate 'at'
De で to indicate 'with, by'
O を to indicate the object.
De で to indicate 'place where an activity takes place'
Ni に to indicate 'to'
Deshita でした was, were
Mashita ました past polite
Masen ません present negative polite
Masen deshita ませんでした past negative polite
Mashou ましょう 'let's'
Deshou でしょう 'probably'
Te iru ている 'is -ing'
Te iru result of an action
Te kudasai てください 'please (do something)'
Te kara てから 'after (doing something)'
U mae ni -U前に 'before (doing something)'