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Possessive 的 de

Possession is typically indicated by 的 de

这个公司的老总是我的发小。 Zhège gōngsī de lǎozǒng shì wǒ de fāxiǎo.
‘The boss of this company is my childhood friend.’

这颗钻石的持有人是女王。 Zhè kē zuànshí de chíyǒurén shì nǚwáng.
‘The owner of this diamond is the Queen.’

老师的手机跟我的手机是一个型号。 Lǎoshī de shǒujī gēn wǒ de shǒujī shì yí ge xínghào.
‘The model of the teacher’s mobile is the same as mine.’

他的中文讲得非常流利。 Tā de zhōngwén jiǎng de fēicháng liúlì.
‘His Chinese is very fluent.’

爸爸的钱包是妈妈送给他的生日礼物。 Bàba de qiánbāo shì māma sònggěi tā de shēngrì lǐwù.
‘Dad’s wallet is his birthday gift from mum.’
送给 Sònggěi means to give as a present.

今天风很大,我的帽子被吹走了。 Jīntiān fēng hěn dà,wǒ de màozi bèi chuīzǒu le.
‘The wind today is so strong that it blew my hat away.’

这个座位底下是谁的箱子? Zhège zuòwèi dǐxia shì shuí de xiāngzi?
‘Whose case is it below this seat?’

这辆车的主人正在前面买吃的。 Zhè liàng chē de zhǔrén zhèng zài qiánmiàn mǎi chī de.
‘The owner of the car is buying food in front.’

Omission of 的

的 may not be used before members of the family etc.

这只猫的主人是我妹妹的老师。 Zhè zhī māo de zhǔrén shì wǒ mèimèi de lǎoshī.
‘The master of the cat’s owner is my sister’s teacher.’

这辆汽车的生产厂家已经倒闭了。 Zhè liàng qìchē de shēngchǎn chǎngjiā yǐjīng dǎobì le.
‘The factory that manufactured this car has already gone bankrupt.’

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