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Open Education - Open Access - Creative Commons - Open Data - Open Educational Resouces


The concept of OER was first introduced in 2002 at a UNESCO conference in whichparticipants  identified   nee for  ‘provision  of  OER,  enabled  by  informatiotechnology and communication, for consultation, use and adaptation of these by a user community for non-commercial purposes’ (UNESCO 2002). This was echoed bythe OECD (2007) who also called for OER, defined as ‘digitised materials offered freel and  openl for educators, students  and  self-learner to  use  and  reuse  foteaching, learning and research’ (p. 11).

More recently UNESCO (2011) have provided a more nuanced description, understanding OER as "an educational  resources  (including  curriculu maps,  course  materials textbooksstreaming videos, multimedia applications, podcasts, and any other materials that have been designed for use in teaching and learning) that are openly available for use by edu-cators and students, without an accompanying need to pay royalties or licence fees". (p. 5)



Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Developmen (OECD). (2007). Giving knowledge for free: The emergence of open educational resources. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved from www.sourceoecd.org/education/9789264031746

UNESCO. (2002). Forum on the impact of Open Courseware for higher education in developing countries final report, 534. Retrieved from http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/20001285/128515e.pdf

UNESCO. (2011). Guidelines for Open Educational Resources (OER) in Higher Education. Paris & Vancouver: UNESCO – COL. Retrieved from http://www.col.org/resources/publications/Pages/detail.aspx?PID=364


If you have any questions please contact Javiera Atenas (UCL STEaPP) at j.atenas@ucl.ac.uk - @jatenas 



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