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There is a large category of verbs consisting of two words - an element that doesn't change, often a noun, followed by する suru 'do'.

する Suru is the second of the three irregular verbs. Its polite form is します shimasu.

勉強します。 Benkyou shimasu. 'I study.'

失礼します Shitsurei shimasu. 'Excuse me.'

失礼しました。 Shitsurei shimashita. 'Sorry (for treading on your toe, etc.).'

お先に失礼します。 O-saki ni shitsurei shimasu. 'Sorry to leave before you.'

では、失礼します。 De wa, shiturei shimasu. 'Goodbye.'

びっくりしました。 Bikkuri shimashita. 'You did give me a surprise. / You made me jump.'

毎週、母に電話します。 Maishuu, haha ni denwa shimasu. 'I call my mother every week.'


勉強する benkyou suru 'to study'

失礼する shitsurei suru 'to be rude'

お先に o-saki ni 'first (adverb)'

でわ de wa 'in that case'. Often contracted to じゃ ja in colloquial speech.

びっくりする bikkuri suru 'to be surprised'

毎週 maishuu 'every week'

電話する denwa suru 'to telephone'

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